Hematuria (Blood in Urine)
Seeing blood in your urine can be alarming. While in many instances the cause is harmless, blood in urine (hematuria) can indicate a serious disorder.
Blood that you can see is called gross hematuria. Urinary blood that’s visible only under a microscope (microscopic hematuria) is found when your doctor tests your urine. Either way, it’s important to determine the reason for the bleeding and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
Kidney stones (renal lithiasis, nephrolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys.
Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract – from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together.
Passing kidney stones can be quite painful, but the stones usually cause no permanent damage if they’re recognized in a timely fashion. Depending on your situation, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone. In other instances – for example, if stones become lodged in the urinary tract, are associated with a urinary infection, or cause complications – surgery may be needed.
Your doctor may recommend preventive treatment to reduce your risk of recurrent kidney stones if you’re at increased risk of developing them again.
Overactive Bladder and Incontinence
An overactive bladder causes a sudden urge to urinate. The urge may be difficult to stop, and overactive bladder may lead to the involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence).
If you have an overactive bladder, you may feel embarrassed, isolate yourself, or limit your work and social life. The good news is that a brief evaluation can determine whether there’s a specific cause for your overactive bladder symptoms.
Management of overactive bladder often begins with behavioral strategies, such as fluid schedules, timed voiding and bladder-holding techniques using your pelvic floor. If these initial efforts don’t help enough with your overactive bladder symptoms, medications are available.
Urologic Oncology is a branch of Urology that involves the diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the urinary system and male sexual system. … The Urologic Oncologist is trained in the surgical treatment of patients with urologic cancers.
Urinary Tract Infections
An infection of the urinary system. Affected areas may include the kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. A UTI is typically identified by symptoms such as: a change in urination frequency, pain or burning sensation when urinating, a strong urge to urinate, and even blood in the urine. This can occur in people of all ages and, if identified quickly, can be easily remedied with antibiotics.